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  • 工程翻譯須知:招標文件包括哪些內容?

    作者:江蘇翻譯小編(南京翻譯公司) 發布時間:2018-09-06 11:18???? 瀏覽量:
    從事工程翻譯的譯員,需要加強對招投標文件的學習認知:
     
    一、定義、步驟與類別:

    (一)定義:
    招標與投標是一種以比價方式進行的大宗商品,技術與勞務的市場買賣行為。

    (二)步驟:
    招標和投標的交易方法主要有以下步驟:
    1 準備和制作招標書
    2 刊登廣告或發邀請函
    3 發售招標書
    4 投標準備和投標
    5 開標
    6 評標
    7 簽訂合同

    (三)類別
    大概分為以下幾類:
    競爭性招標(Competitive Bidding)是比較普遍的招標方式,有利于業主找到價錢最合理的承包商。
    協商招標(Negotiated Bidding):業主時間緊迫,業主聯系自己較熟悉的承包商。這時承包商易談得一個好價錢。
    競標與協商相結合的招標(Combined Bidding and Negotiation):業主邀請熟悉的幾家承包商前來投標。

    二、招投標活動(Tendering Activities)
    大概有以下9個部分。

    1.Pretendering activities (招標前的活動)
    1) Preliminary inquiry to contractors (對承包商的招標初步意向詢問)
    2) Prequalification of tenderers (對投標人的資格預審)

    2.Inviting tenders and supplying documents including:(發放招標文件)
    1)Letter of Invitation (邀請信)
    2)Instructions to Tenderers (投標者須知)
    3)Conditions of Contract (Consisting of General Conditions and Particular Conditions) (合同條件:通用條件和專用條件)
    4)Form of Tender (投標書格式)
    5)Drawings (圖紙)
    6)Specification (技術規格書)
    7)Bill of Quantities (工程量表)
    8)Schedules of Additional Information (附加資料表)
    9)Information Data (資料數據)
    10)Return envelope (an addressed envelope for the return of tender to ensure that each tenderer has the same and correct address of the Employer)(回函信封:遞 送投標書的信封,為了確保準確無誤的送達,上面印有業主的地址)

    3.Preparation of Tender by Contractor (承包商編制投標書) 
    1) Visit and inspect the site(考察現場)
    2) Make queries to the Employer (if any)(如有疑問可向業主提出質詢)
    3) Inspect any information(核準資料)
    4) Satisfy himself as to form and nature of the site(承包商對現場的形狀和性質感到滿意)
    5) Collect data from the Employer (向業主收集資料)
    6) Interpret the data provided by the Employer(對業主提供的數據資料進行解釋)
    7) Base tender on the data(根據數據資料編制標書)
    8) Satisfy himself as to correctness and sufficiency of the Accepted Contract A- mount;(承包商認為中標合同金額是正確和足夠的)
    9) Consider the provisions in Sub-Clauses 13. 7&13.8 regarding increase or decrease of cost.(應考慮到合同第13. 7和第13. 8款,關于成本的增加與減少的 規定) 

    4.Tender Submission (with Letter of Tender and Tender Security)(提交投標書-附上投標函和投標擔保)

    5.Evaluation of Tenders and Decision on Award (評標與授標)

    6.Both Parties agree on the terms of insurance (雙方就保險條件達成協議)

    7.Letter of Acceptance (頒發中標函)

    8.Submission of Performance Security to the Employer (向業主提交履約擔保)

    9.Signing of Contract(簽訂合同)
     
    此外,國際工程招標文件包括:Bidding Documents includes:

    投標邀請書invitation for bid    
    資格預審表prequalification form   
    投標須知 Instructions to bidders  
    工程項目技術說明 technical specifications  
    工程技術圖紙和技術資料 Specifications and Drawings
    工程量清單Bill of Quantities
    投標書tender
    投標保證書(投標保函)Bid security
    履約保證書Performance security
    合約通用條款General conditions of contract
    合約專業條款Special conditions of contract

    三、案例
     
    蒙古亞洲開發銀行貸款節能流量計與熱度計采購招標文件
    Bidding Documents for the Flow the Heat Meters of a Mongolian Energy Conservation Project (Excerpts)
     
    Part A
    Invitation for bid投標邀請書

    Part B
    Section One
    Instructions to bidders投標人須知
    A. Introduction簡介
    B. The Bidding documents:招標文件
      Invitations to bidders投標人邀請書
      Instruction to bidders投標人須知
      Bid form and price schedules標書樣式和價格表(每個工程價格表不一樣,如下圖)

    Contract form 合同樣式
    General conditions of contract合同通用條款
    Special conditions of contract合同專用條款
    Scope of work工作范圍(每個工程工作范圍都不一樣,但都會詳細陳述工作地點,工作范圍等)。
     
    Technical Specifications技術規格書
    Annexes(附件)
     1.Bid security form(投標保函)
     2.Performance security form(履約保函,每個工程基本一樣)
    C. Preparation of Bids投標準備
    D. Submission of Bids提交標書
    E. Bid opening and evaluation開標與評標
    F. Award of contract 授予合同 (語言風格非常嚴謹)

    Section Two
    Bid form and price schedules
     
    Section Three
    Contract Form
     
    Section Four
    General conditions of contract
    1. Inspection and tests
    2. Patent rights
    3. Performance security
    4. Insurance
    5. Transfer of titles
    6. Acceptance
    7. Payment
    8. Force Majeure
     
    Section Five
    Special Conditions of contract
    1. Conditions
    2. Work Schedule
    3. Invoice and payment
    4. Insurance requirements
    5. Spare parts and tools
    6. Arbitration
    7. Service
    8. Training
     
    Section Six
    Scope of work(工作范圍,每個招標文件的涉及的工程的工作范圍都不一樣)

    Section seven
    Technical specifications 技術指標 每個工程技術指標都截然不同
     
    Annex A 附件資料
    Bid security form投標保函

    Annex B 附件資料 
    Performance security form履約保函


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